CESR and the Asia Pacific Forum (APF) present a new manual - ‘Defending Dignity’ - designed to strengthen the role of National Human Rights Institutions in monitoring and enforcing economic, social and cultural rights. The manual is complemented by a series of motion graphics and explanatory videos. This section explains how a human rights-based approach can be used to frame questions about poverty and socio-economic deprivation in a way that holds the relevant actors responsible for human rights violations. It also introduces CESR's OPERA framework and explains the role of indicators and benchmarks in framing research questions. To download ‘Defending Dignity’ in pdf format, click here.