The OPERA Framework

OPERA is a simple, yet comprehensive framework that human rights advocates, activists and researchers can use to analyze whether governments are meeting their economic and social rights obligations. OPERA groups together relevant obligations into four dimensions: Outcomes, Policy Efforts, Resources, and Assessment. As well as identifying what questions need to be answered under each of these dimensions, it also suggests various tools and techniques for how to answer them. Although, importantly, these can be adapted to different contexts. In this way, OPERA can be used to weave together various tools and techniques for measuring economic and social rights into a broader analytical framework. This, in turn, helps to connect economic and social deprivations and disparities back to the actions or omissions of the state, to help build a stronger case that these actions or omissions constitute human rights violations.





OPERA in Practice

OPERA provides a guiding lens for CESR's work, and we’ve also accompanied multiple partners as they’ve used it to better understand and analyze violations of economic and social rights around the world. CESR has developed several case studies that give a more practical picture of the different ways rights advocates have applied, drawn on, or adapted OPERA to support their work.

OPERA in Detail

Learn more about the four dimensions of OPERA; the various tools and techniques that can be used to measure each dimension; and how OPERA can be incorporated into the research process. Detailed publications discussing OPERA can also be found here.

OPERA Related Resources

There are a variety of resources from our partners and other organizations that explore and elaborate on the concepts, tools, and techniques associated with OPERA. These include guides on the use of data for human rights work, discussions about use of indicators and quantification methods in human rights, and other topics.